If you’re looking to construct a new building, there are many things you need to take into consideration. New building construction needs to go through a series of individual construction processes before it can be completed, some of which you may not be aware of. With each individual construction process depending on things like whether you’re remodeling, expanding, or building new, the process can be confusing if you’re not sure what to expect.
In order to get you up to speed about the commercial construction process from start to finish, let’s take an in-depth look at each stage of this process and how you can plan to make your new commercial building construction go as smoothly as possible.
1. Planning and Development
Finding a location for your building is the first step. Then you need to come up with a pre-design. Once you have completed these first two steps, you then need to introduce the architect and the general contractor to each other so they can get on the same page. These three steps make up the entirety of the first stage of the commercial construction process.
This is where the total project cost can be pinned down with a reasonable level of accuracy. Contractors and architects will get together to create a strong construction document package with designs that are up to code in the local area. This is also when construction bidding happens and the project gets handed over to one main construction team, which helps it go a lot smoother.
The building program will be built during this phase, taking into account the functional needs, space, and building flexibility. After this is completed you should have a good idea of who will be using your building, how it will be used, how many rooms you’ll have, as well as the overall size of the building.
The feasibility of your desired amenities is also considered during this phase. Factors like utility connection, site access, and building orientation can have a major impact on whether or not you’ll be able to include certain amenities.
The schematic design of your building will also be completed in this phase. This will allow you to consider exactly how you want your company represented through the use of colors, materials, patterns, shapes, textures, and sizes of everything.
Design development will then take place, with the exact cost of materials and equipment you want to use being estimated. It’s during this phase that many building owners decide to opt for one material or another.
For example, many owners are switching to ICF Wall systems during this phase of the commercial construction process. ICF Blocks are a relatively new form of concrete block known as an insulating concrete form, or ICF for short. They are tempting many building owners to switch over because of their incredibly high energy efficiency combined with their durability and affordability.
Not only this, but ICF Blocks are also sound reducing, immune to decay and mold, and fire-resistant as well. With all of these benefits taken into consideration, it’s not hard to see how a construction team would favor this building material over more conventional ones when completing the design development stage of construction.
The final aspect of the design phase is where a full set of drawings and the final specs are included in contract documents which contractors will use to assess their bids. Your builders will also use these in the process of actually constructing your building, as they contain costs and timelines for each stage of construction. This will help you avoid price increases during the building process as well.
This is where quotes are requested from the various different vendors you’ll be using, and also where your permits and insurance requirements will be completed and met.
During the pre-construction phase your team will be assembled as follows;
- Project Manager
- Contract Administrator
- Field Engineer
Each of these team members will play a crucial role in either coordinating construction as a whole or dealing with paperwork and details regarding things like historical artifacts and other miscellaneous dealings.
This stage is when your building materials are actually secured, in accordance with the contracts you’ve written up. Either your general contractor will manage your procurement phase entirely on their own, or they might use subcontractors if they don’t do all the construction work on their own.
This is when the rubber meets the road and your building actually starts to become a physical reality. Your superintendent will arrange a meeting in which site access, material storage, quality control, and work hours are determined.
Then, a groundbreaking will happen, followed by concrete pouring, site excavation, interior/exterior work, roofing, steel erection, framing, underground utility installation, and more. This phase of the commercial construction process ends when construction is complete.
A final walkthrough will be done in this phase. Once this has been completed and furnishings have been installed, your building will be issued a certificate of substantial completion, meaning that your building has been officially completed. A final inspection will then be performed by the building official.
Every Step Matters
There are a lot of things to take into consideration before beginning construction on a new commercial building. From the first step of the process to the last step, you’ll be faced with a giant checklist of things to be completed before you can move on to the next phase. Taking better designed and more efficient materials like ICF Blocks into consideration before beginning construction can often help you save money both in the long-term and the short-term.
With any luck and a whole lot of double-checking, you’ll be the proud owner of a new commercial building before you know it!